• Safety means managing unintended loss (অনিচ্ছাকৃত ক্ষতি)
  • Safety  means freedom from an acceptable risk


Analysis of Safety –

Safety analysis

Safety analysis

                       Search for hazards

                       Analyze the risk

                       Find the cause

                       Eliminate the cause

                       Tell others

                       You are safe!




Safety Management System (SMS)

A safety management system is a systematic approach to managing safety, including organisational structures, accountabilities, policies and procedures. An SMS is scalable so it can be tailored to the size and complexity of your organisation.

SMS includes four main components –

  1. .Safety policy and objectives
  2. .Safety risk management
  3. .Safety assurance
  4. .Safety promotion

10 Life Saving Rules (LSR)

1. Work authorization – Obtain a valid permit whenever required

2. Energy isolation – Verify isolation & zero energy before begins

3. Bypassing safety controls – Obtain authorization before overriding or disabling safety controls

4. Line of fire – Keep yourself & others out of the line of fire

5. Hot work – Control flammable & ignition source

6. Work at height – Protect yourself against a fall when working at height

7. Driving – Follow safe driving rules

8. Safe mechanical lifting – Plan lifting operations & control the area

9. Toxic gas – Follow the rules of working in toxic gas environment (CO, H2S)

10. Confined space – Obtain authorization before entering a confined space

Safety Key Components of a Successful Safety Management Program

  • Safety assessment
  • Hazard Identification
  • Daily Observation
  • Safety Committee
  • Fire & Disaster Team
  • Fire safety Manual
  • Factory Evacuation Plan
  • Factory Egress Map
  • Emergency Preparedness Plan (EPP)
  • Fire drill procedure
  • Fire drill execution
  • Evacuation procedure
  • Evacuation execution
  • Fire Extinguishers, Fire Hydrant, FHC & FDC Layout
  • Fire extinguisher calibration record
  • Work permit
  • Investigation record
  • Create Self-Awareness
  • Training program
  • Conduct training
  • Toolbox talk
  • Safety Signs
  • Visitor safety orientation at gate
  • Safety orientation all employee
  • Security detection system procedure
  • RA
  • JSA
  • OCP
  • SOT
  • Checklist
  • Maintain Safety Record

Work Permit

Different type of permit to work used at factory or shipyard

  1. Entry Permit
  2. Hot work permit
  3. Painting permit
  4. Blasting
  5. Scaffold
  6. Blasting / De blasting
  7. Bunkering
  8. Testing of heating coil
  9. Testing of hydraulic system
  10. Dismantling of cargo line
  11. Dismantling of valve
  12. Chemical Cleaning
  13. Opening of main hole
  14. Cleaning of switch board
  15. Feeding of dry ice
  16. Servicing of CO2 system
  17. Transferring of oil
  18. Tank cleaning
  19. Radiography
  20. Cleaning of generator